Nikolai Golovanov, Gilels, Legostajeva, Vinogradov    (3-Gebhardt 0058)
Item# C0288
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Nikolai Golovanov, Gilels, Legostajeva, Vinogradov    (3-Gebhardt 0058)
C0288. NIKOLAI GOLOVANOV Cond. USSR Radio S.O.: Francesca da Rimini; Marche slave; The Tempest; Ouverture solenelle, 1812; 'Winter Dreams' Symphony #1 in g; Pathétique Symphony #6 in b; w.Geörgy Vinogradov: Eugen Onégin – Faint echo of my youth; w.Legostajeva & Damianoff: Moscow Coronation Cantata; w.Emil Gilels: Concerto #1 in b-flat (all Tschaikowsky). (Germany) 3-Gebhardt 0058, recorded 1944-49. Long out-of-print, final copies! - 4035122000580

CRITIC REVIEWS:

“Golovanov was born in Moscow on 21 January 1891 and died there on 28 August 1953. This was one year after he was stripped of his chief conductor role at the Bolshoi, the fate of those who fell from Komsomol favour.

His conducting style is said to have helped shape both Samuel Samosud and Evgeny Svetlanov. What is the Golovanov style? None of the recordings I have heard are anything other than exciting. Every one of them is an event. He seems not to have had microphone nerves. If anyone had nerves it must have been the Melodiya engineers who had to accommodate the extremes he generated.”

- Rob Barnett, MusicWeb International



“Golovanov conducted the premiere performances of a number of works, among them Nikolai Myaskovsky's sixth symphony in May 1924, and recorded operas and concert works by Glazunov, Mussorgsky and Liszt among others. Golovanov held some of the highest musical positions in the USSR, including an extensive association with the Bolshoi Opera. In her autobiography, Galina Vishnevskaya terms him the theatre's chief conductor, and tells of his dismissal from the Bolshoi and his death - which she attributed to the humiliation of the experience of losing this position. It has been reported that Golovanov's firing was the result of Stalin's displeasure at Golovanov's having tried to use a Jewish singer, Mark Reizen, in the title role of Tsar Boris Godunov in his recording of Mussorgsky's opera. Golovanov actually did record the opera with Reizen as Boris, but later remade Reizen's part with another Boris, Alexander Pirogov.

Golovanov's recorded output was substantial and quite individual in interpretive approach. In his discography we find all but one of the Liszt tone poems, the complete Scriabin symphonies and Piano Concerto, Tchaikovsky's 1st and 6th symphonies, as well as shorter works, Beethoven's 1st Symphony, Violin Concerto and Triple Concerto, Rimsky-Korsakov's SCHEHERAZADE and his operas SADKO and CHRISTMAS EVE, Mussorgsky's BORIS GODUNOV and PICTURES AT AN EXHIBITION, Rachmaninoff's 2nd and 3rd symphonies, plus the opera ALEKO and other compositions, Glazunov's 5th, 6th and 7th symphonies, and scores by Grieg, Mozart and others. Based upon the evidence of his recordings, Golovanov's characteristic performance mode was full-blooded and nearly vehement in tone, with a powerful, almost overloaded sense of sonority, and extreme flexibility in matters of tempo, phrasing and dynamics.

Golovanov was also a composer; his works include the opera PRINCESS YURATA, symphonies, two symphonic poems, orchestral suites, overtures on Russian themes, over 200 Romances, arrangements of folk songs, and a number of choral religious works. He was a well-regarded piano accompanist in the early years of his career. He was married to the soprano Antonina Nezhdanova."

- Ned Ludd



…judged solely from his recorded legacy, [Vinogradov] deserves to be at least as well known and highly regarded as his more famous colleagues, Sergei Lemeshev and Ivan Kozlovsky…Certainly the voice and artistry can stand comparison with such tenors as Schipa, Simoneau, Valletti, and the young Vanzo, making his neglect even more extraordinary….for the true genius of this singer it is necessary to hear the operatic arias and Russian art songs. Few tenors have sung Lensky’s final aria with such beauty of tone, tenderness, and real poetry."

- Vivian A. Liff, AMERICAN RECORD GUIDE, Sept./Oct. 2004