C1407. ERNST LÉVY Cond.: 'France' Symphony #10 (albeit incomplete finale) (Cond. by the COMPOSER), recorded 1948; PAUL BOEPPLE Cond. Dessoff Choir: 'Lötschentaler' Cantata #3 (Ernst Lévy), World Premiere Performance, 11 May, 1956, Carnegie Hall. 2-St Laurent Studio YSL 78-339. Transfers by Yves St Laurent.
“The distinguished Swiss pianist, pedagogue, and composer, Ernst Lévy, studied in Basel with Hans Huber and Egon Petri, and in Paris with the French virtuoso Raoul Pugno.
By 1916, Ernst Lévy was teaching at the Basel Conservatory alongside Huber, and from 1917 to 1921 he was head of the piano master-class at this institute. Four years later, he set up residence in Paris and, after spending some time as a pianist and teacher, he was founder-conductor of the Choeur Philharmonique in Paris (1928). Among the works given their Paris permieres under Levy's direction were Johannes Brahms' EIN DEUTSCHES REQUIEM and Franz Liszt's oratorio CHRISTUS. In 1935, Lévy and Choeur Philharmonique recorded Liszt's MISSA CHORALIS for the Polydor label, the first recording ever made of one of Liszt's sacred choral works.
Political conditions in Europe during the 1930s brought Ernst Lévy, a Jew, to the USA in 1941. He taught at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston from 1941 to 1945, Bennington College in Vermont from 1946 to 1951, the University of Chicago from 1951 to 1954, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1954 to 1959, and Brooklyn College of the City University of New York from 1959 to 1966. Levy's teaching of piano and composition, and his abilities as a choral and orchestral conductor, kept him fully occupied during his American years; this period also saw a remarkable output of works that ultimately embraced 15 symphonies and an impressive quantity of chamber and choral music. It was during this time that Lévy presented occasional recitals as pianist and made a series of recordings on the USA Unicorn label. He retired from academia in 1966 and spent his remaining fifteen years in Switzerland.
As a composer, Ernst Levy's idiom was not identifiable with any school or tradition. He was a firm believer in the viability of tonality (as opposed to dodecaphony), and he constantly sought new vistas within the parameters of tonal music. He went so far as to study the writings of Pythagoras and the mathematical similarities between musical scales and start distances explored by Keppler. Lévy measured the south tower of the Chartres cathedral to determine the relative proportions of the tower's architectural elements and published his findings on the subject as an appendix to the book, THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL: ORIGINS OF GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE AND THE MEDIEVAL CONCEPT OF ORDER, by Otto Georg Von Simson in 1956. Lévy concluded that the entire cathedral was a fully calculated, deliberate representation, ‘full of symbols, and full of musicality’.
Ernst Lévy composed 15 symphonies (1920-1967); many choral works; chamber music; various pieces for solo instruments; etc.”
- Bach Cantatas Website
"Lévy was more than a virtuoso pianist - though his technical prowess was staggering; he was an intellectual in the true sense of the word, and music was but one aspect of his creative life….Lévy's Beethoven is the pianistic equivalent of Furtwängler...."
- Allen Linkowski, AMERICAN RECORD GUIDE, May/June, 1998
“The Swiss-American leading choral conductor and pedagogue, Paul Boepple, took courses at the Dalcroze Institute in Geneva, and adopted the Dalcroze system in his own method of teaching music; from 1918 to 1926 he was a member of the faculty of the Institute.
In 1926 Paul Boepple emigrated to the USA. He directed the Dalcroze School of Music in New York (1926-1932); then taught at the Chicago Musical College (1932-1934) and at the Westminster Choir School in Princeton, New Jersey (1935-1938). Subsequently he taught at Bennington College in Vermont (1944-1964).
Paul Boepple was director of the Dessoff Choirs from 1937 to 1968, when he retired. He is credited with exposing USA audiences to Josquin de Pres, Claude LeJeune, Tomás Luis de Victoria, Heinrich Schütz and other previously unheard composers for most Americans. He also reintroduced such neglected oratorios as George Frideric Handel’s ISRAEL IN EGYPT, which he recorded, to USA audiences. As a choral conductor, he gave numerous performances of modern works. Among the premiers he led was the world premiere of Arthur Honegger’s JUDITH in Switzerland in 1924. His recordings with the Dessoff Choirs appeared on Vox and Counterpoint.”
- Bach Cantatas Website
“Each of these disks, from Canadian engineer Yves St Laurent… [feature] St Laurent's natural transfer – made without filtering, like all his dubbings – it is easy to listen to, despite the surface noise.”
- Tully Potter, CLASSICAL RECORD QUARTERLY, Summer, 2011