OP2805. LA CENA DELLA BEFFE (Giordano), Live Performance, 23 Oct., 1955, w.de Fabritiis Cond. RAI Ensemble, Milano; Gigliola Frazzoni, Anselmo Colzani, Antonio Anneloro, Mafalda Micheluzzi, Franco Calabrese, etc.; La Fanciulla del West Excerpts, 13 March, 1955, Simonetto Cond. RAI Ensemble, Milano; w.Gigliotta Frazzoni, Petri, Carlin, Mantovani, etc. (Croatia) 2-Myto 002.220. Long out-of-print, final copy! - 608974502201
LA CENA DELLE BEFFE (The Jesters' Supper) is an opera in four acts composed by Umberto Giordano to an Italian libretto by Sem Benelli adapted from his play of the same name. The story, set in Florence at the time of Lorenzo de' Medici, recounts the rivalry between Giannetto Malespini and Neri Chiaramantesi for the affections of the beautiful Ginevra and Giannetto's thirst for revenge over a cruel joke played on him by Neri and his brother Gabriello. Giannetto's revenge joke ultimately leads Neri to murder both Ginevra and (by mistake) his own brother. The opera ends with Neri's descent into madness.
The libretto for Giordano's opera was adapted by the Italian playwright and poet, Sem Benelli, from his verse play, LA CENA DELLE BEFFE. Described as a poema drammatico (dramatic poem), it premiered in 1909 at the Teatro Argentina in Rome with original music composed by 14 year-old Manoah Leide-Tedesco. Like several other works by Benelli it is written in neo-romantic florid verse, with an historical setting and a melodramatic, violent plot. Benelli's play was an immediate and extraordinary success in Italy. At one time it was being performed simultaneously by four different Italian touring companies, and continues to remain in the repertoire today. A version of the play adapted by Jean Richepin and titled 'La beffa' (THE JOKE), was performed in Paris in 1910 with Sarah Bernhardt playing the role of Giannetto. It ran for 21 performances, but her plan to present the play in New York later that year had to be abandoned when the wrong sets were shipped from Paris. Considerably more successful was the 1919 English adaptation by Edward Sheldon, THE JEST, starring John Barrymore as Giannetto Malespini and Lionel Barrymore as Neri Chiaramantesi, which ran for 256 performances at the Plymouth Theatre in New York City.
Giordano approached Benelli in 1917 to propose setting the play as an opera. Benelli initially refused as the composer Tommaso Montefiore had obtained the right to compose a work based on the play in 1910, although by 1917, he had still not begun work on it. After lengthy negotiatons via Giordano's publisher, Casa Sonzogno, Giordano finally obtained the rights to compose the opera on 15 September 1923. Benelli himself adapted his play for the libretto.
LA CENA DELLE BEFFE premiered in Milan on 20 December 1924 at La Scala in a performance directed by Giovacchino Forzano and conducted by Arturo Toscanini, with Carmen Melis as Ginevra and Hipólito Lázaro as Giannetto. The sets and costumes were designed by Galileo Chini, who had also designed the premiere production of Benelli's original play in 1909.
- Hans Lick
Gigliola Frazzoni made her début at the Teatro Comunale Bologna, as Mimi in LA BOHÈME. She quickly enjoyed considerable success at major opera houses throughout Italy - Turin, Venice, Parma, Palermo, Rome and Milan, etc. She was a regular guest at the Verona Arena from 1956 to 1972. On 26 January, 1957, she took part in the world premiere of Francis Poulenc's DIALOGUES DES CARMÉLITES, as Mère Marie, at La Scala in Milan. Beginning in 1954, she sang outside Italy, notably in Cairo, Munich, Stuttgart, Wiesbaden, Zurich, Vienna, Bordeaux, Dublin, etc.
Frazzoni was admired in dramatic roles, especially by Verdi and Puccini and some other verismo composers such as Mascagni, Leoncavallo, Giordano. She can be heard on a complete recording of TOSCA, opposite Ferruccio Tagliavini and Giangiacomo Guelfi, also as Minnie in LA FANCIULLA DEL WEST with Franco Corelli as Ramerrez and Tito Gobbi as Rance, La Scala, Milan 4 April,1956.
"[Colzani] may never have quite entered the pantheon of great Italian baritones, but Anselmo Colzani was never that far off. He also had to contend with an era in which the likes of Tito Gobbi, Ettore Bastianini and Giuseppe Taddei bestrode the worlds opera stages
.He was in demand internationally too, making his Metropolitan Opera début in 1960, where he played Simon Boccanegra. There was a great deal of pressure on the new arrival, as the Mets favourite baritone, Leonard Warren, had died weeks before. If Colzani never became the next Warren, he did become a Met regular. He sang 272 performances there over the next 16 seasons."
- James Inverne, GRAMOPHONE, June, 2006