Carmen  (Reiner;  Fedora Barbieri, Mario Del Monaco, Hilde Guden, Frank Guarrera)   (2-St Laurent Studio YSL T-705)
Item# OP3257
$39.95
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Product Description

Carmen  (Reiner;  Fedora Barbieri, Mario Del Monaco, Hilde Guden, Frank Guarrera)   (2-St Laurent Studio YSL T-705)
OP3257. CARMEN, Live Performance, 31 Jan., 1953, w.Reiner Cond. Met Opera Ensemble; Fedora Barbieri, Mario del Monaco, Hilde Güden, Frank Guarrera, Lucine Amara, Margaret Roggero, Alessio De Paolis, etc. (Canada) 2-St Laurent Studio YSL T-705. Transfers by Yves St Laurent.

CRITIC REVIEWS:

“One Amazon reviewer labelled his review of this performance ‘Carmen as Cavalleria Rusticana’. That is not very far off the mark, and surely those who have purist feelings about the French canon might well want to run in the other direction. But for those of us who believe that an international art form can admit different performance styles in order to keep great works alive for a wide range of audiences are likely to find this performance thrilling. St. Laurent Studio has rendered it in sonics far superior to the release on the GOP label.

The only truly odd member of this cast is Hilde Guden as Micaela, not because her style isn’t idiomatically French (neither is anyone else’s), but because her style is not consonant with the rest of the cast. Her Germanic singing just seems out of synch with everyone else, sweet-toned and well sung though it is. Licia Albanese, who was another Met Micaela at the time, would have made a better stylistic fit.

In every other respect, one should take this for what it is: a thrilling, Italianate CARMEN with great singing from its two principals (and some smaller roles, too, such as Lucine Amara’s Frasquita), adding good, committed singing from its Escamillo. Not incidentally, we also get impassioned, committed, always-engaged orchestral playing under Fritz Reiner, whose quick tempos never seem rushed.

Fedora Barbieri was an important mezzo in the 1950s and 60s, at the Met and on many important recordings. She helped usher in Rudolf Bing’s era with a highly successful Eboli in his inaugural DON CARLO production. Barbieri’s reputation was made largely in the great Verdi mezzo-soprano roles (Azucena, Amneris, Ulrica). Her approach to Carmen is forceful rather than cultivated, urgent rather than sensual, but it is effective and certainly a viable way to portray the character. There is little subtlety in her seduction of Don Jose, but I am not sure he is a character who would respond to feminine subtlety. From a vocal point of view Barbieri is superb, with an evenly produced, firmly centered mezzo that is free all the way up to the top.

If there is a Don Jose who would likely fall for brazen seduction, it is Mario del Monaco. Don’t believe the myth that he only sings at levels of forte and louder. He does some very sensitive singing here, including some lovely soft tones in the ‘Flower Song’ (not the climactic B-flat of course - that is full-voiced and thrilling), and he conveys the heartache of Jose through some effective vocal coloration. Del Monaco and Barbieri create real chemistry, and their scenes together come alive vibrantly. One cannot deny that del Monaco had one of the most viscerally thrilling voices of the twentieth century, and what one remembers from his performance is full-throated, generous singing.

Frank Guarrera’s Escamillo is not at their level, but he is better than mediocre. He doesn’t have the rich vocal equipment of Robert Merrill, a frequent Met Escamillo, and his French seems even more unidiomatic than Barbieri and del Monaco’s. But one hears the reason Guarrera had a 28-year career at the Met starting in 1948 and why he was given a total of 680 performances there. He was reliable, a solid singer and a good vocal actor.

Other Met stalwarts fill out the smaller roles: Margaret Roggero as Mercedes, Alessio De Paolis as Remandado, George Cehanovsky as Dancaire, Osie Hawkins as Zuniga, and Clifford Harvuot as Morales. Every one of those names brings back fond memories to those of us who were regulars in the Met’s standing room section or galleries in the 1950s and 60s. They are all at the top of their game here. In sum, this is a thrilling release. (A note to those who will accuse me of inconsistency for writing ‘del Monaco’ but ‘De Paolis’; I have taken to researching questions of name-spelling by googling ‘autographs by’. If one does that, one finds that del Monaco always used the lower case, but De Paolis the upper case.)

As usual, St. Laurent Studio provides no notes, but we do get complete tracking information and documentation of the cast and origin of the broadcast, accompanying a superb transfer. St. Laurent Studio CDs are available at Norbeck, Peters & Ford (www.norpete.com).”

- Henry Fogel, FANFARE





“Fedora Barbieri, a dramatic mezzo-soprano celebrated for Verdi interpretations that were extensively preserved on records and film, was gifted with a large, opulent voice. Miss Barbieri was of the same generation as Cesare Siepi, Giuseppe di Stefano, Boris Christoff and Jussi Björling. A favorite with European audiences from the 1940s on, she later won acclaim in New York, particularly for her appearances as Azucena in IL TROVATORE, AMNERIS in AIDA, ADALGISA in BELLINI'S NORMA, and in the Verdi REQUIEM.

Her 1950 New York debut itself entered opera history, coming on the night Rudolf Bing first faced his audience as the general manager of the Metropolitan Opera. He opened an era with a boldly ambitious revival of DON CARLO in which Miss Barbieri sang the role of Princess Eboli.

The Immigration and Naturalization Service had turned Bing's entire inaugural season into a cliffhanger days before the curtain rose on it. Acting under the 1950 Internal Security Act, it confined shiploads of arriving aliens on Ellis Island on the grounds that they could be threats to the United States; Miss Barbieri, Christoff and Zinka Milanov were among them.

Miss Barbieri's offense was attending school in Fascist wartime Italy, a circumstance that she stated in her visa application. She and the other soloists were freed just in time for the show to go on.

Miss Barbieri, Mr. Björling (in the title role) and Mr. Siepi, making his debut as Philip II, appeared in what Olin Downes of THE NEW YORK TIMES described as an occasion that revealed afresh ‘the melodic opulence and dramatic power of Verdi's genius’. Miss Barbieri, he said, was a ‘superb mezzo from Italy, with a kindling dramatic temperament’.

Fedora Barbieri made her professional debut in 1940 as Fidalma in Cimarosa's MATRIMONIO SEGRETO. She sang her first Azucena the next night and repeated Fidalma the night after that, a feat that quickly established her reputation in Europe as a masterly interpreter of the Italian repertory at its most demanding.

She sang in Rome, made her debut at La Scala in 1943, sang in South America and went to London with La Scala in 1950. She made an immediate impression at Covent Garden, singing Mistress Quickly in FALSTAFF, and giving one of her stirring performances in the REQUIEM.

She remained a regular at La Scala and sang at the Metropolitan primarily in the 1950s and 60s. Of her many Verdi roles, she favored Eboli in her earlier years, but later leaned toward the lower registers of Azucena and Amneris. She finally found Mistress Quickly best attuned to her voice. Her repertory included 109 roles.”

- Wolfgang Saxon, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 7 March, 2003