PE0104. LE CABARET BERLINOIS À PARIS, incl. Songs by Werner Richard Heymann, Franz Wachsmann (Waxman), Mischa Spoliansky, Friedrich Holländer (Frederick Hollander), Kurt Weill, Rudolf (Rudi) Nelson & René Dorian as sung by The Comedian Harmonists, Lyse Gauty (Alice Gautier), Suzy Solidor, Marianne Oswald, Leila ben Sédira, José Luccioni, Henri Garat, Mistinguett, Berthe Sylva, Florelle, Damia, Maurice Chevalier & Jean Gabin. [An unexpected treasure from Jewish exiles who would again thrive, in Paris! Their well-known material is here sung in French] (France) Malibran 650. Final Copy! - 3760003776506
“This issue represents a new departure for Malibran in that all of the documentation is in English (apart from song titles) and the focus of the programme is on composers rather than singers. They were Jewish musicians who were working in Berlin during the nineteen thirties and had to leave Germany in 1933, when the Nazi party gained power and engaged in violent repression and anti-Semitism. They took refuge in Paris, where they composed music for the cabaret, operetta and cinema there before having to move on again to America or Britain in 1939. This CD contains a wide selection of songs from that period.”
- Robert Bunyard, THE RECORD COLLECTOR, 2009
“The 1920s heralded a ‘Golden-Age’ of German cabaret (Kabarett), with clubs such as Max Reinhardt’s Schall und Rauch (Sound and Smoke) and Trude Hesterberg’s Wilde Bühne (Wild Stage) in Berlin, and Die Elf Scharfrichter (Eleven Executioners) in Munich offering hedonistic, avant-garde, risqué entertainment. German cabaret was celebrated for its political satire, which put cabaret artists at risk after 1933 when the Nazis suppressed any form of political criticism.
Jewish composers, who dominated the cabaret scene, were particularly at risk, and many chose to flee for Paris where cabaret was still thriving. Many of the Jewish cabaret composers also worked for the UFA (Universum Film Aktien Gesellschaft), Germany’s largest film studio. Run by the right-wing Alfred Hugenberg, the UFA implemented antisemitic policies such as dismissing Jewish employees, even before the Nazis implemented these policies themselves. Kurt Weill, Werner Richard Heymann, Friedrich Hollaender, Mischa Spoliansky and Franz Waxman were among those Jewish cabaret composers who fled Berlin, eventually making successful careers for themselves outside Germany.”
- Abaigh McKee, MUSIC AND THE HOLOCAUST