C1606. KLAUS TENNSTEDT Cond. Boston Symphony Orchestra, w.Jules Eskin (Cello) & Burton Fine (Viola): Don Quixote (Strauss), Live Performance, 5 March, 1982 (Symphony Hall, Boston); KLAUS TENNSTEDT Cond. London Phil.: Symphony #1 in C (Beethoven), Live Performance, 14 Dec., 1989. Transfers by Yves St Laurent.
“Jules Eskin, the principal cellist of the Boston Symphony Orchestra for more than half a century and among the longest-serving orchestral musicians in the United States, and a distinguished chamber-music career with the Boston Symphony Chamber Players which he helped found in 1964, performed in thousands of orchestral programs over 53 years with the Boston Symphony.
Mr. Eskin’s break came as a winner of the prestigious Naumburg Award in 1954, which led to a debut at Town Hall in New York. Reviewing that performance, THE NEW YORK TIMES said that he ‘immediately disclosed his serious, thoroughly musical approach to his art’. A direct result was his first prominent post: principal cellist of the New York City Opera’s orchestra. While mostly playing in the pit for opera and ballet, he also performed on Broadway and on recordings, notably Puccini’s LA BOHEME, conducted by Thomas Beecham, and the original cast album of Leonard Bernstein’s CANDIDE.
Mr. Eskin remained in New York until 1961, when George Szell, the music director of the Cleveland Orchestra, invited him to become its principal cellist. One lasting document from his time in Cleveland, still venerated for its delicate poignancy, was his solo turn in a recording of Brahms’s Piano Concerto #2, with Leon Fleisher at the keyboard. Boston called in 1964, as the orchestra was being reshaped during the tenure of Erich Leinsdorf. On Mr. Eskin’s debut as a soloist at Symphony Hall, in Brahms’ Double Concerto with Joseph Silverstein on violin, a critic for THE BOSTON GLOBE praised a style that ‘was in its quiet way playing of impressively sensitive responsiveness and intelligence’.
He remained a presence for five music directors as principal cellist until his death. Reviews consistently noted the subtlety, sincerity and nobility of his playing. Even when Mr. Eskin was faced with the challenging Barber Cello Concerto, the critic Richard Dyer wrote in 1998 that he made ‘extravagant writing seem natural’.”
- David Allen, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 16 Nov., 2016
“Because he spent the beginning of his career in East Germany, Klaus Tennstedt was virtually unknown in the West until he was in his late 40s. But his international career took off after he left East Germany in 1971. From the time he made his first appearances in North America, with the Toronto and Boston Symphony Orchestras in 1974, he was regarded as an uncommonly probing, expressive conductor of works from the mainstream Romantic repertory.
Mr. Tennstedt was born in Merseburg, Germany, on 6 June, 1926. When he was 15, he enrolled at the Leipzig Conservatory, where he studied violin, piano and music theory. He also studied in Dresden during World War II, and he told one interviewer that after the firebombing of Dresden in 1944, he was in the fire brigade and assigned to dig bodies out of the rubble.
In 1948 he was appointed concertmaster of the Halle Municipal Theater Orchestra, where his father was a violinist. Four years later he began conducting the Orchestra, and he soon became its music director. In 1958, he became music director of the Dresden Opera and in 1962 he took over the Schwerin State Orchestra and the Schwerin State Theater. During the 1960s, Mr. Tennstedt had an active touring schedule in East Germany, and was a frequent guest of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, the Dresden Philharmonic, the Dresden Staatskapelle and the Berlin Radio Orchestra. He also performed in the Soviet Union and in Czechoslovakia. When preparing for a tour in 1971, Mr. Tennstedt found that his passport had been mistakenly stamped with an exit visa for the West. He left East Germany for Sweden, announced his intention not to return, and persuaded the East German Government to allow his wife to join him. In Sweden, he became the director of the Stora Theater in Goteborg and the conductor of the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra in Stockholm. In 1972, he became director of the Kiel Opera in West Germany.
Mr. Tennstedt's first break in North America occurred after the death of Karel Ancerl, the director of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra. When the Orchestra's managing director, Walter Homburger, went to Europe in search of a replacement, he read some reviews of Mr. Tennstedt's work in Kiel. After hearing him conduct Bruckner's Seventh Symphony, he hired him for a series of Toronto concerts in May 1974. He made his Boston Symphony debut later that year. [This outstanding performance, described as a 'once in a lifetime' event, in which Tennstedt gave the Boston audience and radio listeners a positively electrifying account of Bruckner's 8th, is still talked about in Boston to this day! After rehearsing, the Orchestra spontaneously broke into applause during a coffee break.]
Mr. Tennstedt became principal guest conductor of the London Philharmonic in 1977, served as principal guest conductor of the Minnesota Orchestra from 1979 to 1982, and returned to the London Philharmonic as its music director from 1983 to 1987. After he relinquished the post, he became the Orchestra's conductor laureate.”
- Allan Kozinn, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 13 Jan., 1998