C1803. CHRISTOPHER KEENE Cond. Syracuse S.O.: Symphony #5 in D; Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis (both Vaughan Williams). (Canada) St Laurent Studio YSL T-1012, Live Performances, 1977 & 1981. Transfers by Yves St Laurent.
“This disc is Volume 3 in a series of releases that Yves-St. Laurent is devoting to the art of the late conductor Christopher Keene, a superior talent whose full potential remained tragically unfulfilled. As Vaughan Williams remains a composer whose glorious works still do not receive their full due, I was particularly glad to receive this item, and Keene does not disappoint. Whenever I hear Keene conduct, the word ‘impassioned’ comes to mind - but never in a reckless or random way. In both works presented here, Keene’s approach is more heart-on-sleeve - or even heart-in-throat - than one finds with Adrian Boult, for example, but it works, and works gloriously. The opening bars of the first movement unfold with quietly mystical expectation, the lovely second theme sings gloriously, and the climaxes ring out with soaring passion in wonderfully burnished sound. Keene had a special gift for lyrical slow movements, and the Romanza here is no exception. Fanfare colleague Henry Fogel, who was the producer/engineer at WONO-FM for Keene’s concert broadcasts through the 1977-78 season, tells me that during the rehearsals for this concert, Keene told him that he considered this work to be the most beautiful symphony of the 20th century - not necessarily the best, but the most beautiful - and that conviction shows through here to a degree that could convert many hearers to a like opinion. There is a devastating emotional intensity here that almost could rip a man’s heart out of his chest. The highly extroverted first portion of the finale is perhaps the least typical sounding portion of this interpretation, but it segues to a gloriously pastoral, serene close.
In the TALLIS FANTASIA (thankfully there is no applause after either the symphony nor this work to break the spell), Keene is distinguished by a degree of passionate intensity, rather than meditative contemplation, that I have never heard from any other performance. String tone is lustrous; the flow of instrumental lines is supple, yet precise: the three different instrumental sections are distinguished from one another with unusual clarity and the first-desk players who form the solo quartet play with absolutely ravishing tone that should make counterparts in some more famous ensembles eat their hearts out. The disbanding of this ensemble in 2011 due to bankruptcy was a tragedy; one wishes its current successor, Symphoria, a long and healthy life.
As the foregoing should make clear, this disc gets a five-star recommendation across the board. As usual, St. Laurent provides only a tray card with tracks, timings, and photos."
- James A. Altena, FANFARE
“It’s rare for an American conductor to perform Ralph Vaughan Williams’ music at the level of to-the-manner-born English conductors like John Barbirolli and Adrian Boult. But on two concerts in 1977 and 1981 the half-forgotten Christopher Keene leading the unsung Syracuse Symphony did just that. These readings of two beloved RVW scores, the Fifth Symphony and the FANTASIA ON A THEME BY THOMAS TALLIS are rapturous and, by releasing them in excellent sound, St. Laurent Studio has helped to enlarge our orchestral legacy, which is true of its ongoing Keene series as a whole.
You have to go back to Purcell to find an English melodist as gifted as Vaughan Williams, and when he is in lyrical mode, the term ‘pastoral’ is typically applied to serene works like the Third and Fifth Symphonies, THE LARK ASCENDING, and the TALLIS FANTASIA. Looking a little deeper, however, there’s a conscious aim on his part to be life-affirming and to look beyond the travails of everyday existence. This transcendent strain accounts for his attraction to the poetry of Walt Whitman and to THE ENGLISH HYMNAL, which he edited. The Vaughan Williams Third doesn’t rise to the level of the Beethoven Sixth as a great pastoral symphony, but the two are linked by seeing Nature as a source of healing beauty.
Beethoven was inspired by his recovery from a bout of illness and a return to his beloved woodland walks. It is more remarkable, perhaps, that RVW had served in World War I and would live through the Great Depression and the Second World War. His music sustained hope and healing through unimaginable catastrophes. This made him a cultural figure of great significance to generations of British music-lovers and fills a work like the TALLIS FANTASIA with ineffable poignancy. (In marked contrast, the Great War made Elgar turn inward to express his bitterness and despair.)
What astonished me about Keene’s interpretation of the Fifth Symphony is his affinity for the work’s deeper emotional significance. This is a performance marked by virtues one can find in other successful recordings, but even the best lack the mystery I find here, where melody reaches the status of ecstatic expression. It’s fair to say that RVW intentionally depicted the religious heart when he set a theme by Tallis, the great devotional choral composer of the Tudor age (his career spanned Henry VIII, Mary Tudor, and Elizabeth I). But I hadn’t thought of the Fifth Symphony in the same terms until hearing what Keene and the Syracuse Symphony do with it.
Since I’ve given very warm reviews to three previous installments in the series, I will refer readers to them for background information. Without knowing the background of the fully professional Syracuse Symphony and Keene’s directorship for ten years ending in 1985, a reader would be justified in finding my praise extravagant, unrealistic, or baffling. But on purely musical grounds there’s a problem to solve in the Vaughan Williams Fifth, namely, its unvarying melodic spell. Finding variety and occasional drama is crucial in order to break the spell and give the symphony more interest.
Keene’s musical instincts serve him well here. This isn’t a lulling reading, much less a soporific one, which happens all too often. One hears a vibrant aliveness that never loses its interest. If my earlier praise seems high-flown, I’d urge listeners to attune themselves to how musically inventive Keene’s performance is. The TALLIS FANTASIA isn’t a problematic work, though. As long as there is a string body capable of sheen and a luminous legato, the piece will be a hit. The Syracuse Symphony fulfill these requirements splendidly - in all the releases I’ve heard the string section has been especially impressive.
My mind turns with regret to the fact that the Syracuse Symphony is now defunct, but we are fortunate to have on disc performances as truly memorable as these. Strongly recommended.”
- Huntley Dent, FANFARE