OP0360. PELLÉAS ET MÉLISANDE, recorded 1941, w.Désormière Cond. Irène Joachim, Jacques Jansen, Henri Etcheverry, Paul Cabanel, Armand Narçon, Germaine Cernay, Leila ben Sédira, etc.; Maggie Teyte & Alfred Cortot (Pf): Chansons de Bilitis; Le Promenoir des deux amants; Fêtes Galantes – Series I & II; Proses Lyriques – De grève; Trois Ballades de François Villon – Ballade de femmes de Paris, all recorded 1936; Mary Garden & Debussy (Pf): Arriettes Oubliées – Il pleure dans mon cœur; L’ombre des arbres; Aquarelles (all Acc. by the Composer), recorded 1904. (U.K.) 3-EMI 345770, accompanied by Elaborate 160pp Libretto-Brochure, w.photos. Long out-of-print; Final Sealed Copy. - 094634577021
"Jansen’s Pelléas offers a rare instance in which the cliché about a singer ‘becoming’ his part is literally true. In physical appearance the very incarnation of a fairy-tale prince, Jansen had also, in his early years, the ideal voice for the role….With Jacques Jansen’s assumption of the role, the baryton-Martin took his place as the preferred Pelléas voice, by right of conquest. It was a classic case of supply and demand. The character of the music prescribed a voice that would sit comfortably in the medium tessitura where most of the writing lay, yet be able to strike high notes with youthful élan or passionate abandon, as the case required….With that opportunity before him, it was only a matter of time before the baryton-Martin developed sufficient range and tonal beauty to embody the character as Debussy envisioned him."
- Joshua Cohen, CLASSIC RECORD COLLECTOR, Spring, 2007
"…Désormière’s performance [above], recorded in Paris during the occupation in 1941, has always stood apart as the never-to-be-surpassed version, definitive in cast, style, and an ineffable closeness to its sources: composer, language and text. The protagonists live their roles as no others since and they [also] have their connections to the original cast…."
- Micael Fine, FANFARE, Jan./Feb., 2003
"Georges Truc was to have conducted the first complete recording of the [above] opera in 1941, but died just before, so that the distinction of directing what is still regarded as the touchstone for all PELLÉAS recordings, with a ‘classic’, well-nigh ideal cast (all native French-speaking), fell (worthily) to Roger Désormière. His Mélisande was Irène Joachim (grand-daughter of the great violinist), who had studied the role with Mary Garden and, along with Jacques Jansen, the Pelléas, had been coached by Georges Viseur, the répétiteur at the work’s first performance. She accommodates her silvery voice to every shade of verbal meaning, and subtly creates an impression of innocent simplicity….There is an unhurried, abstracted air about her singing as she combs her long tresses and a significant absence of urgency in her voice when she bids Pelléas release them."
- Lionel Salter, INTERNATIONAL OPERA COLLECTOR, Summer, 1999
“Jacques Jansen was a French baryton-martin singer, particularly associated with the role of Pelléas but also active in operetta and on the concert platform, and later as a teacher. Jansen had a wide musical and artistic education; after studying the violin in Paris, he took lessons in solfège and bassoon at the conservatoire in Tours, where he also pursued courses in fine arts. Having taken vocal lessons with Charles Panzéra, from 1938 he studied under Claire Croiza and Georges Viseur (solfège) at the Paris Conservatoire. He also took classes with René Simon and Louis Jouvet and won prizes which might have allowed to followed a career in acting. In 1939 he sang the fountain scene and the tower scene of Claude Debussy's opera PELLÉAS ET MÉLISANDE with the Orchestre National de France under Inghelbrecht, an experience which left him overwhelmed with joy.
He made his début as Pelléas at the Grand Théâtre de Genève in 1941. After his Paris début at the Opéra-Comique as Pelléas on 20 April 1941, Jansen also appeared as a singer in Fauré's ‘Masques et bergamasques’ (January 1942), Valérien in ‘Malvina’ (July 1945) and the title rôle in FRAGONARD (February 1946). Jansen recorded Pelléas with an Opéra-Comique cast under the conductor Roger Désormière in April and May 1941 with Irène Joachim as Mélisande. This recording is widely considered as a reference recording of this opera. Jansen later recorded the same rôle under André Cluytens and Inghelbrecht. He also sang the rôle under Désormière with the Opéra-Comique company at Covent Garden in June 1949, as well as in New York, Brussels, Lisbon, Berlin, Milan, Rome and Tokyo. His last performance was in Tours in March 1971.
Although best remembered for the rôle of Pelléas, Jansen also sang baroque opera: LES INDES GALANTES by Jean-Philippe Rameau; modern opera: CHRISTOPHE COLOMBE by Darius Milhaud and LES CAPRICES DE MARIANNE at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in 1956; operetta: THE MERRY WIDOW by Franz Lehár, the première of LA BELLE DE PARIS by Georges Van Parys in 1961, and Antonin in CIBOULETTE in Geneva; and Lieder. Jansen was a magnetic interpreter of Danilo in THE MERRY WIDOW, which he performed some 1,500 times in France, displaying his acting skills, which he also used in several films. He dubbed the singing voice of Alain Cuny in LES VISITEURS DU SOIR (1942). He was for five years professor at the Conservatoire in Marseille, then held a similar post at the Paris Conservatoire, finally teaching vocal technique at the Opéra-Studio.
Granddaughter of the great violinist Joseph Joachim, soprano Irène Joachim was a magnificent artist in her own right, beautiful in voice, visage, figure, and musicianship. Although she came to be identified most closely with the role of Mélisande, she was fluent in the German language and mastered not only French mélodie, but also German Lieder. Indeed, Joachim had learned German, while French was but a second language. The care she brought to her enunciation worked in all of her repertory, bringing poignancy and specificity to the operas she essayed and the songs she sang. The daughter of Herman Joachim and Suzanne Chaigneau, a violinist, Joachim was given lessons in the basic elements of music as soon as she was able to grasp the concepts. Violin studies followed at home, as did piano lessons, and the keyboard instrument became her favorite means for music-making until her voice was discovered. By the time she entered the Paris Conservatoire in 1935, Joachim had acquired sufficient musical understanding to provide an advantage in the demanding regimen there. By July 1938, Joachim's end-of-term recital at the Conservatoire attracted the attention of Georges Auric (whose works the singer would come to espouse so eloquently). ‘Recall with me’, Auric wrote in a July 1938 edition of Paris Soir, ‘the name of Mademoiselle Joachim...She impressed us with her enchanting voice, the quality of her style, of her enunciation, her honest and simple expressivity. In future days, Mademoiselle Joachim will be a cherished collaborator of our Opéra-Comique and no musician exists who will decline the pleasure of being in a position to collaborate with her’.
On Joachim's application to the Conservatoire, she had described herself as neither soprano, nor mezzo soprano, foretelling the middle ground she trod with such truth and lack of artifice. Gradually, a subtle tawniness began to inform the radiant color so clearly defined at the time of her first recording, the immortal Mélisande she contributed to the PELLÉAS ET MÉLISANDE recorded with conductor Roger Désormière and tenor Jacques Jansen. The glory of the Joachim instrument was her full and easily produced middle register, a characteristic that led the singer to describe herself as a ‘second soprano’. Auric had correctly predicted Joachim's involvement with the Opéra-Comique: The singer appeared there between 1939 and 1956. During this time, she gained a reputation as a conscientious and expressive interpreter of the music of her time. Not only Auric, but also songs by Berg, Poulenc, Honegger, Satie, Milhaud, Dallapiccola, and Boulez. Her collaborator after the end of WWII was often Jane Bathori, the former singer who had premiered many French works and now served as coach and accompanist. During their first concert together in 1947, the soprano and accompanist performed works by the entire Les Six membership. Nor was Joachim a stranger to the premiere: In 1948, she was the first to perform Charles Koechlin's LE LIVRE DE LA JUNGLE, whose texts were drawn from Kipling's JUNGLE BOOK. Her conductor was Désormière. Joachim's initiative led her to perform the low-lying Vier Lieder, Op. 2, of Berg for the cycle's first French performance in 1947. Subsequently, she recorded the work in an orchestration by René Liebowitz. From 1963 to 1983, Joachim taught at the Conservatoire.”
- Erik Eriksson, allmusic.com
“Dame Maggie Teyte was born on 17 April, 1888, in Wolfverhampton, England. After studies at home, she went to Paris where she became a pupil of the celebrated tenor Jean de Reszke who had given up his career in 1900 to teach. In March 1906, she made her début in a series of Mozart concerts conducted by Reynaldo Hahn, and in 1907 became a member of the Paris Opéra-Comique. After a few small parts, she was cast as Mélisande, replacing the celebrated originator of the rôle, Mary Garden. To prepare for PELLÉAS ET MÉLISANDE, Teyte was sent to study with Debussy himself, every day for six months! By reputation he was a terror and a martinet, but according to Teyte, he rarely corrected her; in fact he hardly spoke to her at all(!). Clearly he appreciated her talents, both the natural beauty of her voice and her instinctive interpretation of his music. In 1910, she conquered London audiences with her portrayals of Cherubino in MARRIAGE OF FIGARO, Blonde in ABDUCTION FROM THE SERAGLIO, and Mélisande, all under the baton of Sir Thomas Beecham. When Sir Paolo Tosti was asked his impression of the young soprano, he replied: ‘she is the only singer today who can sing’. Rare praise in an era when Melba and Caruso were still in their prime! Despite her early successes, Teyte had a difficult time finding a place for herself in the main opera houses of the world. She developed a following in Chicago, Boston, and Philadelphia, and sang in America through the end of World War I, but did not appear in New York. She married in 1921 and went into a period of semi-retirement. Upon the disruption of her marriage in the early 1930s, Teyte faced difficulties of resuming her career after an absence of nearly a decade. Maggie Teyte’s career was revived in 1936 by a set of recordings she made for EMI of Debussy songs accompanied by Alfred Cortot. Though the outbreak of the Second World War interrupted the progress of her ‘second career’, her recordings established her reputation in England and the United States as the leading French art singer of her time. In 1948, she made her first New York appearances: a Town Hall recital followed by a series of performances of PELLÉAS at the City Center Opera. Teyte continued performing in opera until 1951 and on the concert stage until her retirement in 1955 (at age 67). In 1958 she was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire. She died in London on 26 May, 1976. Her voice is of exquisite purity, perfect placement; there is spontaneity and distinction. Hers is a voice of a ‘femme fragile’, perfectly adapted for French mélodies. She had a conscientious and painstaking approach to the art of interpretation. Maggie Teyte’s recordings are indispensable for lovers of French music.”
- Edward Blickstein, VAI