OP0550. VEC MAKROPULOS (Makropulos Case) (Janácek), recorded 1979, w.Mackerras Cond. Vienna Staatsoper Ensemble; Elisabeth Söderström, Petr Dvorský, Vladimir Krejcik, Anna Czaková, Václav Zítek, Zdenek Svehla, Dalibor Jedlicka, Jirí Joran, Ivana Mixová, Beno Blachut & Blanka Vitková, etc. (Germany) 2-Decca 430 372, Slipcase Edition, w.179pp. libretto-booklet. Long out-of-print, Final Copy! - 028943037228
“VEC MAKROPULOS (The Makropulos Affair) is a three-act opera by Czech composer Leoš Janácek. The libretto was written by the composer between 1923 and 1925. THE MAKROPULOS AFFAIR was his penultimate opera and, like much of his later work, it was inspired by his infatuation with Kamila Stösslová, a married woman much younger than himself. The world premiere of the opera was given at the National Theatre in Brno on 18 December, 1926, conducted by František Neumann.
Janáek's operatic version was written between 1923 and 1925. Janácek began work on the opera straight away. He wrote the libretto himself, and by December 1924 had completed the first draft of the work. He spent another year refining the score, before completing it on 3 December 1925.
Musically, much of the piece has little in the way of thematic development, instead presenting the listener with a mass of different motifs and ideas. Janácek's writings indicate that this was a deliberate ploy to give musical embodiment to the disruptive, unsettling main character Emilia Marty/Elina Makropulos. Only at the end of the final act, when Makropulos' vulnerability is revealed, does the music tap into and develop the rich lyrical vein that has driven it throughout.
It is often argued that Emilia Marty, like the other female heroes in Janácek's later operas, stands for one of the aspects of Kamila Stösslová, the woman with whom he was in love for the last decade of his life. Marty, with a clever and manipulative exterior hiding a core of vulnerability, is a 'snapshot' of Stösslová, like the coquettish and shy Cunning Little Vixen and the tragic Káta Kabanová.”
“[Söderström] was a fine musician and a complete artist combining a fine voice with secure dramatic instincts. Her varied talents permitted her to embrace a very wide-ranging repertoire. Always intellectually curious, she developed a masterful sense of words, all of which made her interpretations exciting and vivid. She was a gifted concert recitalist.”
- Richard T. Soper, NORDIC VOICES
"Elisabeth Söderström, the Swedish soprano acclaimed for the plangent richness and intelligence of her singing and for her wide-ranging repertory, including influential portrayals of leading roles in the operas of Janácek, was admired by opera lovers around the world, notably in Sweden and England, where she performed most often, within the field she was revered. With her radiant, creamy voice, thorough musicianship and keen dramatic instincts, she was a model for singers. In roles like the Countess in Mozart’s NOZZE DI FIGARO the Marschallin in Strauss’ DER ROSENKAVALIER, Tatyana in Tchaikovsky’s EUGEN ONÉGIN and more, she combined insightful acting with nuanced singing and a lovely stage presence to create alluring and memorable performances. An element of Scandinavian reserve in her dramatic and vocal artistry enhanced her work, lending an elusive quality to her portrayals. Reviewing a song recital that Ms Söderström gave at the Frick Collection in New York in 1975, the NEW YORKER critic Andrew Porter perceptively summed up her artistry. Her ‘quick musical intelligence, her vivid and engaging temperament, and a protean voice not exceptionally powerful but well able to compass soubrette mirth and tragic passion have brought her triumphs in a wide variety of roles’.
Anna Elisabeth Söderström made her début as Mozart’s Bastienne when she was just 20 at the Drottningholm Court Theater, on the outskirts of the city, a company she would direct in the mid-1990s. Shortly after her début, she joined the Swedish Royal Opera. She remained a member of that company until her retirement. In her early years she focused on soubrette roles, including Mozart heroines. Soon she was branching out dramatically. Her début at the prestigious Glyndebourne Festival in England came in 1957 as the Composer in Strauss’ ARIADNE AUF NAXOS, and for years she remained a favorite with the festival. Among Strauss singers, she was one of the few to have sung all three lead rôles in DER ROSENKAVALIER: the Marschallin, Octavian and Sophie. A milestone in her career came in the 1969-70 season with the Royal Opera at Covent Garden in London, when she sang Mélisande in an acclaimed production of Debussy’s PELLÉAS ET MÉLISANDE conducted by Pierre Boulez, subsequently recorded. That Sony Classical recording, with George Shirley as Pelléas, is considered by many to be definitive.
Another series of landmark performances and recordings involved the Australian conductor Charles Mackerras, an informed champion of the Janácek operas. Ms Söderström became Mr Mackerras’ soprano of choice for his Decca label recordings of complete Janácek operas, including JENUFA and KATYA KABANOVA, with Ms Söderström singing the title roles, and THE MAKROPULOS CASE, a mysterious, haunting work in which Ms Söderström portrayed, unforgettably, the 300-year-old Emilia Marty.
Among the many contemporary roles she sang were Elisabeth Zimmer in Hans Werner Henze’s ELEGY FOR YOUNG LOVERS and Juliana Bordereau in Dominick Argento’s ASPERN PAPERS for the premiere production in Dallas in 1988. She was also an active song recitalist.
Ms Söderström made her Metropolitan Opera début in 1959 as Susanna in Mozart’s NOZZE DI FIGARO. For the next five years, she made regular appearances at the Met, but then drifted mostly to Europe, returning in the 1980s for performances as the Marschallin in DER ROSENKAVALIER and the Countess in NOZZE DI FIGARO. For her last Met performances, she came out of retirement, essentially, to sing the Countess in Tchaikovsky’s PIQUE DAME, a dramatically complex and crucial role with scant vocal demands. She received an enormous ovation."
- Anthony Tommasini, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 21 Nov., 2009
“In Prague Blachut he began to sing works from the dramatic repertoire, especially in operas by Janáček, Dvořák, and Smetana. On 3 February 1942 he starred in the world premiere of František Škroup’s COLUMBUS (composed in 1855). Outside the Czech repertoire, he sang Alfredo in LA TRAVIATA, Cavaradossi in TOSCA, Don José in CARMEN, Ferrando in COSĚ FAN TUTTE, Florestan in FIDELIO, Hermann in THE QUEEN OF SPADES, Lensky in EUGENE ONEGIN, Pierre Bezukhov in WAR AND PEACE, Radames in AIDA, Walther in DIE MEISTERSINGER VON NÜRNBERG, and the title roles in FAUST and OTELLO among other roles.
By 1945 Blachut’s performance credits had grown to include almost all of the major tenor parts from the Czech repertory. At this point he was widely view as Czechoslovakia’s leading tenor and he appeared on tour with the Czech National Opera in opera performances in Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Russia. He also appeared with the company in England at the 1964 Edinburgh Festival in an acclaimed portrayal of Luka Kuzmič in Janáček’s FROM THE HOUSE OF THE DEAD. He returned to Edinburgh for another lauded performance in 1970 as Matěj Brouček in THE EXCURSIONS OF MR. BROUČEK. That same year he sang in the world premiere of Jiří Pauer’s ZDRAVÝ NEMOCNÝ in Prague after LE MALADE IMAGINAIRE by Moličre. Blachut was also highly regaurded internationally for his portrayal of the title role in Smetana’s DALIBOR.
In addition to his performances with the Prague Opera, Blachut also occasionally worked as freelance artist, notably making guest appearances at La Fenice, Deutsche Oper Berlin, De Nederlandse Opera, theFinnish National Opera,and the Vienna State Opera. In 1959 he appeared at the Holland Festival as Boris in KÁŤA KABANOVÁ. Blachut was also active as a concert singer, appearing in productions like Dvořák’s STABAT MATER and Janáček’s GLAGOLITIC MASS. He was particularly known for his interpretation of Janáček’s THE DIARY OF ONE WHO DISAPPEARED and his recording of that work is considered by many critics to be the remaining definitive interpretation.”