S0750. GEORGES ENESCU, w. Céline Chailley-Richez (Pf.): Violin Sonata #2 in d (Schumann) - Broadcast Performance, 30 Nov., 1950, Paris; Violin Sonata #2 in f (Played by the Composer) - Broadcast Performance, 7 Dec., 1950, Paris; Decet for Winds in d (Played by the Composer), Live Performance, 8 Dec., 1951, Paris. (Canada) St Laurent Studio YSL T-823. Transfers by Yves St Laurent.
“George Enescu is still considered the greatest of all Romanian composers. While he is widely known for just one famous opus, he was in reality a very imaginative, highly skilled composer of music possessing great depth and subtlety, as well as being one of the great concert violinists of his time. For appearances in the West he adapted his name to a form that would prompt the French to pronounce it correctly: Georges Enesco.
He was given a violin and lessons at the age of four, progressing very rapidly and beginning to compose a year later. Legend has it his first teacher was a Romany fiddler. He entered the conservatory of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna in 1888 where his primary violin teacher was Joseph Hellmesberger, Sr., one of his teachers and the director of the Vienna Conservatory, who hosted Enescu at his home, a place where the child prodigy met his idol, Johannes Brahms. He took piano from Ernst Ludwig and harmony, theory, and composition from Robert Fuchs. He made his violin début in 1889 in Slanic, Moravia. He remained in the Conservatory until 1894, regarded as a fully formed virtuoso at the age of 13. On 6 February 1898, at the age of only 16, George Enescu presented in Paris his first mature work, ‘Poema Român’, played by the Colonne Orchestra (at the time, one of the most prestigious in the world) and conducted by Édouard Colonne.
Nevertheless, he went on to the Paris Conservatory for more violin studies, and took harmony, theory, and composition from Dubois, Gédalge, Massenet, and Fauré. This mixture of late Romantic German and French training helped give his music its distinctive quality. That same year he started conducting the Romanian Philharmonic Society in Bucharest.
Enescu quickly established one of the most important solo and chamber music careers of the time. His recital partner was the great French pianist Alfred Cortot, and he formed a piano trio with Louis Fournier and Alfredo Casella in 1902, and in 1904 the Enescu Quartet. He joined the faculties of the École Normal and the American Conservatory in Paris. Pablo Casals described Enescu as ‘the greatest musical phenomenon since Mozart’ and ‘one of the greatest geniuses of modern music’. Vincent d'Indy claimed that if Beethoven's works were destroyed, they could be all reconstructed from memory by George Enescu. Alfred Cortot, one of the greatest pianists of all time, once said that Enescu, though primarily a violinist, had better piano technique than his own.
In the meantime, he took an active part in building a classical concert life in his native Romania. He formed a Philharmonic Orchestra in the town of Iasi, and a Composers' Society. He wrote his most famous works, the two ‘Romanian Rhapsodies’, Op. 11, for the Philharmonic. He also worked closely with the Conservatories in Bucharest and Iasi. In 1912 he funded a ‘George Enescu Prize’ in composition, and played the world premieres of the winning works.
He made his first appearances in the United States in 1923, as violinist and guest conductor with the Philadelphia Orchestra. The brilliant young American prodigy, Yehudi Menuhin, became his most famous pupil. Others were Gitlis, Grumiaux, and Ferras. Through the 1930s he continued work as a violinist, conductor, teacher, musicologist, and organizer, while as a composer he toiled on his powerful opera OEDIPE. In 1936 he was one of the candidates considered to replace Arturo Toscanini as permanent conductor of the New York Philharmonic.
When World War II broke out, he happened to be at his country estate in Romania and was more or less stuck there for the duration. After the war ended, he went to New York, from which he watched a Soviet-backed government take over his country. He remained in New York, increasingly incapacitated by arthritis. He gave a farewell concert with Menuhin in 1950, then returned to Paris. He suffered a stroke in 1954 and, as a result of it, he spent ten months almost entirely paralyzed.”
- Joseph Stevenson, allmusic.com